Διαχρονική συγκριτική μορφομετρία κρανίων κυνοειδών κυνοειδών του γένους Canis από το Πλειστόκαινο της Ελλάδας = Intertemporal comparative morphometry of canid crania of the genus Canis from the Pleistocene of Greece.

Άρτεμη-Παυλίνα Ευστράτιος Κεχαγιόγλου


Η παρούσα διπλωματική εργασία έχει ως αντικείμενο την διαχρονική μελέτη και σύγκριση κρανίων του γένους Canis από την πανίδα του ελλαδικού χώρου κατά το Πλειστόκαινο.
Το πρώτο κεφάλαιο αποτελεί εισαγωγικό μέρος της εργασίας, στο οποίο αποτυπώνεται η εξέλιξη της φυλογενετικής γραμμής του γένους Canis μέχρι τον σύγχρονο λύκο, με πιθανότερο απώτερο πρόγονο του τον Canis lepophagus. Δίνονται βασικές πληροφορίες των σημαντικότερων ειδών και τοποθετούνται χρονολογικά και χωροτακτικά. Αναφέρεται το Canis-event, το πρώτο κύμα μετανάστευσης που εγκατέλειψε την Βόρεια Αμερική και διαδόθηκε στην Ασία κατά το Μέσο Πλειόκαινο, ενώ στην Ευρώπη η διασπορά των canids χρονολογείται κατά το Μέσο Βιλαφράγκιο. Τέλος γίνεται αναφορά στους διαφορετικούς γονότυπους ανάμεσα σε όμοια είδη που αποδίδονται κυρίως σε εξωγενείς περιβαλλοντικούς παράγοντες (κλίμα, διατροφή, φυσικά εμπόδια κ.α.)
Στο δεύτερο κεφάλαιο περιγράφεται ο τρόπος ανάλυσης και μελέτης, συγκεκριμένα παρουσιάζονται τα υλικά, τα εργαλεία και οι μέθοδοι που ακολουθήθηκαν.
Στο τρίτο κεφάλαιο παρατίθενται τα αποτελέσματα των αναλύσεων που πραγματοποιήθηκαν, γίνεται σχολιασμός των διαγραμμάτων που προέκυψαν  από τις πολυπαραγοντικές αναλύσεις και των θηκογραμμάτων των κυριότερων μετρήσεων. Τέλος, απαριθμούνται κάποια βασικά συμπεράσματα που συντέθηκαν από την παρατήρηση των θηκογραμμάτων.
Στο τέταρτο και τελευταίο κεφάλαιο παρατίθενται τα γενικά συμπεράσματα που εκδόθηκαν κατά τη διάρκεια εκπόνησης της διπλωματικής.

In the present bachelor thesis, a few skulls of the genus Canis from the Pleistocene’s and recent Greek fauna are studied and compared.
In the first chapter an introduction about the lineage of the genus Canis until the appearance of the modern wolf is given, with the most probable oldest ancestor to be Canis lepophagus. Basic information about the most important species is provided, such as their geographical location (spatial information) and temporal range. The first migration wave mentioned as Canis-event is discussed; it began in South America and moved to Asia and Europe, in the Middle Pliocene and Middle Villafranchian respectively. Differences are also presented in the genotypes of the same species which are attributed to external environmental factors (as the climate, the alimentation, natural barriers etc.)
In the second chapter, the material and methods followed are provided.
The third chapter is about the results of this research. There is punditry on the diagrams that occurred from the analysis and the boxplots. In addition, some basic conclusions are given from the study on the boxplots.
The fourth and last chapter refers to the general conclusions of this thesis.

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