Ορυκτοχημική μελέτη ορυκτών της ομάδας επιδότου από περιοχές της Βόρειας Ελλάδας = Mineralogical and chemical study of epidote group minerals from Northern Greece.

Σοφία Χαράλαμπος Λαζοπούλου


Αυτή η διπλωματική εργασία πραγματεύεται την ορυκτοχημική ανάλυση των δειγμάτων μελέτης των ορυκτών ομάδας επιδότου από περιοχές της Βόρειας Ελλάδας, οι οποίες είναι η Ελατιά Δράμας, η Σιθωνία Χαλκιδικής, τα Κιμμέρια Ξάνθης και το Παπίκιο της Ροδόπης. Οι περιοχές της Ελατιάς, των Κιμμερίων και του Παπίκιου εντάσσονται στη ζώνη της Ροδόπης, ενώ η περιοχή της Σιθωνίας συμπεριλαμβάνεται κυρίως στην Σερβομακεδονική μάζα, αλλά και μερικώς στην Περιροδοπική ζώνη. Mαγματικής προέλευσης επίδοτο έχει εντοπιστεί στο γρανοδιορίτης της Ελατιάς, της Σιθωνίας και στο βιοτιτικό γρανοδιορίτη, βιοτιτικό-κεροστιλβικό γρανοδιορίτη και βιοτιτικό-κεροστιλβικό διορίτη του Παπίκιου. Όμως, επίδοτο μεταμορφικής προέλευσης εμφανίζεται στο skarn της περιοχής των Κιμμέριων Ξάνθης και στο γνεύσιο της Ελατιάς Δράμας. Τα δείγματα μελέτης ταξινομήθηκαν, σύμφωνα με τους κανόνες της ονοματολογίας και προέκυψε ότι όλα ανήκουν στην υποομάδα κλινοζοϊσίτη. Όλα τα δείγματα προσδιορίζονται ως επίδοτα και είναι πλούσια σε τρισθενή σίδηρο, εκτός από έξι δείγματα που χαρακτηρίζονται ως κλινοζοϊσίτης στην περιοχή της Σιθωνίας. Το ποσοστό του πιστακίτη στα μαγματικά επίδοτα των περιοχών μελέτης κυμαίνεται από 23,88 % wt ως 28,5 % wt, ενώ στα επίδοτα μεταμορφικής προέλευσης 20,4 % wt ως 30,5 % wt. Το ποσοστό των
οξειδίων τιτανίου στα μαγματικά επίδοτα των δειγμάτων μελέτης κυμαίνεται από 0 ως 0,61 % wt. Διερευνήθηκε η δυνατότητα μεταβολής της χημικής σύστασης των επιδότων και η ενδεχόμενη υποκατάσταση των τρισθενών μελών της ομάδας επιδότου από τα δισθενή μέλη της ομάδας αυτής, στην Μ3 θέση του χημικού τύπου επιδότου. Με την γραμμική συσχέτιση των δειγμάτων μελέτης, προέκυψε ότι ο συντελεστής προσδιορισμού προσεγγίζει τη μονάδα
σε όλα τα διαγράμματα των περιοχών μελέτης. Συνεπώς, ενδέχεται να είναι εφικτή η υποκατάσταση με την ύπαρξη επιπρόσθετων καθοριστικών παραγόντων. Στην εργασία αυτή παρατίθονται η ανάλυση των ορυκτών της ομάδας επιδότου ως προς την μονοκλινή και ρομβική κρυσταλλική δομή των μελών της, τα μέλη που την αποτελούν, τα πετρώματα στα οποία σχηματίζεται και το πεδίο σταθερότητάς της.
Λέξεις κλειδιά: επίδοτο, ορυκτολογία, χημεία

This bachelor thesis is concerned with the chemical and mineralogical study of epidote group minerals in the Northern Greece regions, namely Elatia in Drama, Sithonia in Chalkidiki, Kimmeria in Xanthi and Papikio in Phodope. The above regions belong to the Phodope massif, apart from Sithonia, the greatest part of which is included in the Serbo-Macedonian massif, with a small part belonging to Circum-Rhodope Belt. Magmatic epidote crystals appear in the
granodiorite of Elatia and Sithonia, as well as in the biotite-hornblend granodiorite, biotite granodiorite and biotite-hornblend diorite of Papikio. Yet, epidote of metamorphic origin is formed in the skarn of Kimmeria in Xanthi and gneiss of Elatia in Drama. Τhe samples from the areas of interest were classified using a trangular diagram and were shown to belong to the clinozoisite subgroup, according to the nomenclature of epidote minerals. The samples are
characterized as epidotes and are rich in trivalent iron, except for six sample from Sithonia that were characterized as clinozoisite. The percentage of pistacite in magmatic epidotes fluctuate from 23.88 % wt to 28.5 % wt, as opposed to the percentage of pistacite in epidotes of metamorphic origin, that fluctuate from 20.4 % wt to 30.5 % wt. The percentage of titanite oxides of the samples fluctuate from 0 % wt to 0.61 % wt. The possibility to modify the chemical constitution of the epidote minerals under study and the potential substitution of the trivalent iron for ferrous iron only in M3 site of the chemical formula of the minerals were explored. The coefficient of determination approximates 1 in the sample diagrams, as shown through simple linear correlation. Consequently, the substitution appears to be feasible provided that additional crucial factors co-exist. This bachelor thesis also analyzes the
monoclinic and rhombic structure of epidote mineral group, its members, the rocks in which epidote group minerals are formed and their stability field.
Key words: epidote , mineralogy, chemistry

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