Simulation of the development of the pre-deltaic depositional strata of the Nile River in the Herodotus Basin and comparison with seismic stratigraphic data within the Exclusive Economic Zone of Cyprus = Προσομοίωση της εξέλιξης των προδελταϊκών αποθετικών ακολουθιών του Νείλου ποταμού στη λεκάνη του Ηρόδοτου και σύγκριση με σεισμικά στρωματογραφικά δεδομένα εντός της Κυπριακής ΑΟΖ.

Angelos Georgios Mousouliotis


The aim of the present doctoral dissertation was the study of the Messinian prodeltaic deposits of the Nile River in the Herodotus Basin within the Exclusive Economic Zone of Cyprus. We examine the internal seismic stratigraphy of the Messinian Evaporite, the different deformation patterns of the Messinian deposits, and the main salt-tectonic deformation mechanisms. We interpreted the medium to high amplitude high-frequency seismic reflections located at the base of the Messinian salt in the Herodotus Basin as a channel-lobe complex. The late Messinian deposits were correlated with the late Messinian clastic sequences located at the Nile delta area and a conceptual model was created to explain the deposition of clastic material so far from the source area. Moreover, the interpreted clastic sequences were simulated by using a stratigraphic forward model. Finally, the results of the forward model compared with the interpreted 2D seismic lines

Σκοπός της διατριβής ήταν η μελέτη των Μεσσήνιων προδελταϊκών ακολουθιών του ποταμού Νείλου εντός της Κυπριακή Αποκλειστικής Οικονομικής Ζώνης. Εξετάσαμε την σεισμική στρωματογραφία του Μεσσήνιου Εβαπορίτη, τα είδη της τεκτονικής του παραμόρφωσης και του μηχανισμούς που τα προκαλούν. Στη συνέχεια προχωρήσαμε στην ερμηνεία αποθέσεων με υψηλή ανακλαστικότητα. Οι αποθέσεις αυτές ερμηνεύθηκαν στα σεισμικά δεδομένα σαν αποθέσεις βαθιάς θάλασσας και συσχετίσθηκαν με τις Μεσσήνιες ακολουθίες που βρίσκονται στο Δέλτα του ποταμού Νείλου. Στη συνέχεια δημιουργήθηκε ένα εννοιολογικό μοντέλο για να μπορέσει να εξηγηθεί η παρουσία αυτών των κλαστικών αποθέσεων σε τόσο μεγάλη απόσταση μακριά από το Δέλτα του ποταμού Νείλου. Ακολούθως οι ιζηματογενείς ακολουθίες προσομοιώθηκαν με την χρήση μοντέλου αριθμητικής προσομοίωσης αποθετικών ακολουθιών. Τέλος, έγινε σύγκριση των αποτελεσμάτων της αριθμητικής προσομοίωσης με τα δισδιάστατα σεισμικά δεδομένα που είχαμε ερμηνεύσει.

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