Γεωτεκτονική εξέλιξη των Άνδεων και σύγκριση με την εξέλιξη του ελληνικού ορογενούς = Geotectonic evolution of thw Andes and comparison to the evolution of thw Hellenic oregen.

Θεόδωρος Αθανάσιος Τσώτσος


Η οροσειρά των Άνδεων αποτελεί μια από τις σημαντικότερες οροσειρές της Γης. Κυριαρχεί στη δυτική ακτή της Νοτίου Αμερικής και παρουσιάζει ιδιαίτερο ενδιαφέρον, καθώς έχει μια μακρά ιστορία εξέλιξης από το Παλαιοζωικό μέχρι και σήμερα, με την ενεργή υποβύθιση της ωκεάνιας πλάκας Nazca κάτω από το ηπειρωτικό τέμαχος της Νοτίου Αμερικής. Παρουσιάζει μια πολύπλοκη δομή με διαφορετικά χαρακτηριστικά των επιμέρους τμημάτων της, και γι αυτό διακρίνεται σε βόρειο, κεντρικό και νότιο τμήμα. Με μια πολύπλοκη τεκτονική ιστορία που οδήγησε σε εντυπωσιακή ανύψωση και δημιουργία οροπεδίων, παίζει καθοριστικό ρόλο στην εξέλιξη των Άνδεων, ακόμη και στις κλιματικές συνθήκες της ευρύτερης περιοχής, καθώς αποτελεί ένα σημαντικό ψηλό “φράγμα” ανάμεσα στους δύο ωκεανούς, τον Ειρηνικό και τον Ατλαντικό. Εκτός από βασικά στοιχεία σε στάδια του γεωτεκτονικού κύκλου, το Ελληνικό ορογενές και το ορογενές των Άνδεων, δεν παρουσιάζουν ομοιότητες στην εξέλιξή τους.

The Andes Mountains are one of the most important mountain ranges on Earth. It dominates the western coast of South America and is of particular interest, as it has a long history of evolution from the Paleozoic to the present day, with the active subduction of the Nazca oceanic plate beneath the continental fragment of South America. It presents a complex structure with different characteristics of its individual parts, and is therefore distinguished in northern, central and southern part. A complex tectonic history that led to an impressive elevation and the creation of plateaus, plays a key role in the evolution of the Andes, even in the climatic conditions of the wider region, as it is an important high "dam" between the two oceans, the Pacific and the Atlantic. Apart from basic elements in stages of the geotectonic cycle, the Hellenic orogeny and the orogeny of Andes, do not show similarities in their evolution.

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Ελληνική Βιβλιογραφία

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